What Is Your Skin Type?
Whatever is your skin type, it may or may not be the perfect, but it is most important that you care for your skin, pamper it, give it the nourishment it needs and thus make it feel good, happy and be comfortable. What goes on the body is as important as what goes in the body. What we eat is as per our body structure requirements, appetite, regional and topographical areas and many more factors. The same follows for skin which is our body’s largest organ, as complex and intelligent as your heart, lungs, liver and other vital organs.
Hence understanding your specific skin type and how it adapts to certain circumstances or seasonality, is very important. So that we feed it what it needs and not what is available in the market.
Your skin Using cleansers and treatments that are too harsh, even if they are recommended for excessive oiliness, may send the signal to your skin that more oil is actually needed. Conversely, applying moisturizers that are too thick or heavy can result in decreased natural oil production, resulting in even drier skin. Taking the time to learn your skin’s specific needs will help you to choose the right options that will balance skin resulting in a healthier, more radiant complexion.
Every person’s skin is unique, skin type also changes over time, your type depends on things such as:
- How much water is in your skin, which affects its comfort and elasticity
- How oily it is, which affects its softness
- How sensitive it is
There are a few common skin types that may help you to identify where you skin fits in the most. The three main skin types are commonly referred to as Oily, Normal/Combination and Dry. Here are two easy ways to determine your skin type at home:
The Bare - Faced Method
Cleanse your face thoroughly with a mild cleanser and gently pat dry. Leave skin bare (and do not apply any additional moisturizers, serums or treatments). After 30 minutes, examine your cheeks, chin, nose and forehead for any shine. After another 30 minutes, evaluate whether your skin feels parched, especially if you smile or make any other facial expressions. If your skin feels tight, your skin is likely dry. If there is noticeable shine on your nose and forehead, your skin is mostly likely normal/combination. If there is shine on your cheeks in addition to your forehead and nose, you most likely have oily skin.
The Blotting Sheet Method
This method is much faster and often an excellent differentiator between oily and dry skin types. Gently pat a blotting paper on the different areas of your face. Hold the sheet up to the light to determine how much oil is visible. If the sheet picked up little to no oil, you most likely have dry skin. If the blotting sheet reveals oil from the forehead and nose areas, your skin is normal/combination. Finally, if the blotting paper is saturated with oil, it is extremely likely that you have oily skin.
Dry skin can feel tight throughout the day, and may experience noticeable flaking. Dry skin is largely due to genetics, environmental factors such as lifestyle & diet, hormonal changes, Long, hot baths and showers, Ingredients in soaps, cosmetics, or cleansers and climate.
- Dehydration is also a leading cause of dry skin, so drinking plenty of water
- Avoiding diuretics like alcohol and caffeine can make a significant difference in how your skin feels and looks.
- Avoid hot water long showers and harsh scrubbing or drying.
- Use mild, gentle soaps or cleansers. Avoid deodorant soaps
- Smooth on a rich moisturizer right after bathing. Ointments and creams may work better than lotions for dry skin but are often messier. Reapply as needed throughout the day
People with normal/combination skin often experience dryness on the cheeks, making it important to find a moisturizer that is not too heavy but one substantial enough to retain moisture where needed most. Those with normal skin are not prone to breakouts on their cheeks, and tend to have a well-moisturized t-zone. Normal skin also needs to be taken care to maintain the skin texture.
- Drink enough water If you don’t drink enough water throughout the day, your skin may dry up and start getting flaky. It can also lead to excess sebum production.
- Sunscreen is a must for overall skin health maintenance. Direct sun exposure can dry up your skin, cause wrinkles and dark patches. An oil-free sunscreen is recommended to avoid clogging skin pores.
- Moisturizers are a must for any skin type. They keep the skin moist and prevent it from overproducing sebum.
- Remove Your Makeup Before Sleeping, Makeup can clog pores and lead to breakouts. You want to avoid that by taking it off after a long day.
Excess oil can oftentimes leave pores congested and clogged. The happy news however is that oily skin looks younger and more supple because it has more natural moisture and is less prone to wrinkle. Hormonal imbalances, where you live and the time of the year can contribute to oily skin. If you live in a humid or hot environment, it is likely to result in oily skin. Oilier skin is also prone to moderate to severe acne breakouts should consider using an exfoliator that includes anti-bacterial ingredients to speed healing and prevent future blemishes.
- Moisturizing regularly will keep your skin hydrated and prevent it from overproducing sebum.
- Drink enough water to keep your skin moist. This will prevent your skin from producing excess oil.
- Wash your face two times a day to remove dirt and bacteria that may clog your pores. Don’t over wash. Over washing can remove necessary oils from your skin. This can result in sensitive skin and make it more oil-prone.
Special Note for Sensitive Skin
Managing sensitive skin can be challenging, as it takes considerable time and effort to determine which ingredients cause inflammation and irritation. To make this process easier, introduce only one new formula or product at a time. This rule applies to both skincare and cosmetics. Patch testing a new formula on your inner forearm is an excellent way to minimize potential reactions on the face. If your skin shows no sign of flaring up, apply the formula to the area behind one of your ears before using it on your face.
Our skin’s needs can change over time, and taking steps to best identify its needs is essential for it to function and look its best. Keeping the health of your skin in mind and “checking in” regularly to determine whether any adjustments to your current ritual are needed will keep it balanced and beautiful.